We frequently use them as a reference, but ask the common traveller to list you the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and they might do well to tick off three…
How well do you know them? Taj Mahal? Iguazu falls? Pyramid of Giza? Well, you’re right….kind of: these three all appear in separate lists.
In truth, there are several world wonders lists, and some countries even have their own ‘wonders’ list.
To clarify things we’ve decided to make a rundown of the three most important ‘World Wonders’ lists:
The New 7 Wonders, the Ancient World Wonders, and the Seven Wonders of Nature. Be prepared to be blown away!
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World refers to remarkable constructions of classical antiquity listed by several authors in books, popular among the ancient Hellenic tourists, particularly in the 1st and 2nd centuries BC. All are centered around the Mediterranean. Of the seven ancient world wonders, only one is still standing: which one?
Ancient wonders of the world
1. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The Temple of Artemis was a Greek temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Artemis. It was located in Ephesus (near the town of Selcuk, Turkey in the present-day) and was rebuilt completely three times before its final destruction in 401 A.D.
2.Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon is the only one of the wonders that may have been purely legendary. It is said the gardens were constructed to please the sick wife of king Nebuchadnezzar II in the sixth century BC. and were destroyed by several earthquakes in the second century BC, though no archaeological evidence has even been found.
3. Mausoleum of Maussollos at Halicarnassus
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC at present Bodrum, Turkey for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian Empire, and Artemisia II of Caria, his wife and sister. The structure was designed by the Greek architects Satyros and Pythius of Priene.
4. Statue of Zeus at Olympia
The Statue of Zeus was made by Greek sculptor Phidias, around 432 BC on the site where it was erected in the Temple of Zeus, Olympia, Greece.
5. Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the only one of the Ancient World Wonders to remain largely intact. It is believed that the pyramid was built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu over an approximately 20 year period concluding around 2560 BC. Originally at 146.5 metres (481 feet), the pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.
6. Colossus of Rhodes
The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek Titan Helios on the Greek island of Rhodes. It was constructed to celebrate Rhodes’ victory over the ruler of Cyprus, Antigonus I Monophthalmus, and was approximately over 30 m tall. It was destroyed by an earthquake in 226 BC.
7. Lighthouse of Alexandria
The Lighthouse of Alexandria was a tower built between 280 and 247 BC on the island of Pharos at Alexandria,Egypt. Its purpose was to guide sailors into the port of Alexandria. Sadly, this World Wonder was also destroyed by an earthquake.
New 7 Wonders of the world
New7Wonders of the World foundation started the initiative to choose the Wonders of the World from a selection of 200 existing monuments in 2001. The popularity poll was led by Canadian-Swiss Bernard Weber. The New7Wonders Foundation claimed that more than 100 million votes were cast through the Internet or by telephone.The winners were announced on August 7, 2007 in Lisbon.
1. Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It coveres area of about 221 hectare, which includes the 38 hectare Taj Mahal and the 183 hectare Taj protected forest area.
2. Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres above sea level. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often referred to as the “City of the Incas”, it is perhaps the most familiar icon of the Inca World.
The Colosseum, originally the Flavian Amphitheatre is an elliptical amphitheater in the center of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering.
4. Christ the Redeemer
Christ the Redeemer is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It’s considered the largest Art Deco statue in the world and the 5th largest statue of Jesus. A symbol of Brazilian Christianity, the statue has become an icon for Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone, and was constructed between 1922 and 1931.
Petra a historical and archaeological city in the Jordanian governorate of Ma’an that is famous for its rock cut architecture and water conduit system. It was established sometime around the 6th century BC as the capital city of the Nabataeans.
6. Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China in order to protect the Chinese Empire. Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC.
7. Chichen Itza
Chichen Itza at the mouth of the well of the Itza was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya civilization. The archaeological site is located in the municipality of Tinum, in the Mexican state of Yucatán.
New 7 Wonders of Nature
The seven wonders of nature is another initiative from the New7Wonders foundation. The poll started in 2007 and ended in November 2011. Again, over a 100 million people worldwide voted for 77 extraordinary natural phenomena to end up with the magical number seven.
1.Puerto Princesa Underground River
The Puerto Princesa Subterranean River is located about 50 kilometres (30 mi) north of the city centre of Puerto Princesa, Palawan,Philippines. This park features a spectacular limestone karst landscape with an underground river. One of the river’s distinguishing features is that it emerges directly into the sea, and its lower portion is subject to tidal influences.
2. Iguaçu Falls
Iguaçu Falls are waterfalls of the Iguazu River on the border of Brazilian State Paraná and Argentine Province Misiones. The falls divide the river into the upper and lower Iguazu. The river flows through Brazil for most of its course.
3. Table Mountain
Table Mountain is a flat-topped mountain forming a prominent landmark overlooking the city of Cape Town in South Africa. The mountain forms part of the Table Mountain National Park.
4. Halong Bay
Ha Long Bay is located in Quang Ninh province, Vietnam. The bay features thousands of limestone karsts and isles in various sizes and shapes. Ha Long Bay is a center of a larger zone which includes Bái Tử Long bay to the northeast, and Cát Bà islands to the southwest.
5. Komodo Island
Komodo is one of the 17,508 islands that make up the Republic of Indonesia. The island is particularly notable as the natural habitat of the komodo dragon, the largest lizard on earth and consequently named after the island.
6. Jeju Island
Jejudo is a volcanic island, 130 kilometers from the southern coast of Korea. The largest island and smallest province in Korea, the island has a surface area of 1,846 square kilometers.
7. Amazon Rainforest and River
The Amazon Rainforest is a moist broadleaf forest that covers most of the Amazon Basin of South America. This basin encompasses seven million square kilometers. The majority of the forest is contained within Brazil. The Amazon represents over half of the planet’s remaining rainforests, and it comprises the largest and most species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world.
Now you’ve got the lowdown, you can impress your travelling buddies with your amazing knowledge…or you could just stay at home and win loads of pub quizzes.